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Collecting Matchboxes

Collecting Matchboxes

Collecting Matchboxes

Collecting matchboxes or matchbooks is the packing and transporting of matches.

 

Gathering this kind of matchboxes or matchbooks. As Collecting matchboxes like Collecting stamps, at least before the introduction of lighter were widespread in this area also has a large number of established collectors. However, the box is not in itself or its contents, the matches, the primary object of interest, but probably the labels or the lithographs on the boxes.

The matchboxes itself can be made of cardboard. This probably relates to the vast majority of the containers, they are less often very thin chipboard or plywood, rarely used metal like tin plates, but also plastic.

Of course, the match or matches itself is interesting, there are so many different matches as safety matches. They flame by being striked on the friction surface of the corresponding box or self-igniting wood or familiar from old movies matches, which ignited on any rough surface, such as building walls is. It is worthwhile in any case, a quick look at the historical development. To manage the increasingly extensive matchbox collection, and of course the same applies to other collections , a suitable software is essential.

There are now great free software programs that facilitate the Collecting Matchboxes quite well. In addition, you can also get storage boxes, display cases, labeled. You can use a label maker or print out labels on your printer for the storage boxes. The labels may consist of only writing, but also can have pictures on them like business cards with pictures of the matchboxes. This allows your collection of matchboxes to look professionally.

Collecting Matchboxes: Development of the match.

In our latitudes, especially suitable was the tinder, which grows on decaying houses directly or birch on the trunk. One can imagine how our ancestors experiment, the hunter-gatherers of prehistoric times, must have been, until they found out that just the dried inside this fungus in almost excellently suited to be brought by sparks to glow to be. Then one must come first! This knowledge is gained by our ancestors still during survival training in the great outdoors – applied some better known as Survival.

They were actually used throughout the course of the Middle Ages, have become relatively rare and are protected. They worked all the better if they were soaked in phosphate or nitrate. I suspect that this knowledge arises already from our ancestors. Of course this still knew no phosphorus in the modern sense, was the periodic table in chemistry teaching, it was still not easy.

The next milestone in the development of the brand matches translated undoubtedly called phosphorus bushes. They were made up of two components, namely a phosphorus bottle, protected where the flammable phosphorus in wax or oil and sulfur was soaked sticks. These were after dipping in phosphorus also ignited by atmospheric oxygen.

Among other things provided with a potassium-head of matches was dipped in sulfuric acid. Here too was the ignition with a quick pull of the match to the open air. The handling was just very dangerous, producing extremely harmful to health. Particularly met these negative characteristics to the white phosphorus.

Collecting Matchboxes: The development of friction matches.

Thus, the considerations were certainly in the direction of developing the matches without phosphorus. This was achieved in 1826, by the English chemist John Walker. His matches were mainly of a mixture of potassium chloral and antimony sulfide and could be reignited on any rough surface. He called his matches “Friction Lights”.

A little later, in 1828, they were sold by Samuel Jones called “Lucifer”, and this in a matchbox, this year can be described as the beginning of the matchbox. Friction matches far were as dangerous so you resulted again experimented with the addition of phosphorus. The white phosphorus had along with its negative health effects, at least the positive that the flames were burning evenly.

Jacob Friedrich made such phosphorus matches from 1832 his first industrially. The problem of phosphorus matches was extremely easy, not infrequently they ignited by themselves since to eliminate friction matches usually kept in a bag or clothing, was such a spontaneous combustion dangerous. The next step in the development of safety match should therefore be to minimize these risks.

This was achieved with the substitution of potassium chloral with lead dioxide in the ignition mixture! In the 1940’s of the 19th Century succeeded additionally replace the dangerous white phosphorus by red phosphorus. These new matches had ignited but also to any rough surface. The risk of spontaneous combustion was not completely resolved.

Collecting Matchboxes: The development of safety matchstick.

Basis of the development of safety matches was the simple but ingenious idea of ​​creating a friction surface on which could ignite the matches only! The red phosphorus has been removed from the ignition mixture at the bowl of the match and, in the mixture of the newly developed friction.

Because you knew the history of friction matches, that is precisely the mixture of red phosphorus and potassium chloral was extremely flammable. It has now also the lead dioxide in turn replaced by the potassium chloral until some years previously used in the ignition mixture.

Collecting Matchboxes: The safety match was now highly inflammatory character was, however, to light only at the special friction surface! This evolution of the safety matchstick through the Frankfurt chemistry professor Rudolf Christian is dated at 1848.

The ignition system consisted of antimony sulfide, potassium chloral and said glass powder in the firing head and red phosphorus in the friction surface.

In modern safety matches n this mixture is only slightly modified. Since the new safety matches were hard marketable in the German Empire, he sold the patents to Sweden, which now turn this security timber, today known as Sweden woods, successfully exported to Germany.

This was involved due to the German economy and possible ignition goods-monopoly German competitors were allowed only under the umbrella of monopoly to produce goods. The graphics on the matchboxes were uniform and were provided with the sale of securities “World Woods” or “household goods”. The graphics on the matchboxes changed every few years.

Collecting Matchboxes: In Germany, this reveals the diversity of Collecting matchboxes, due to their often wonderful and reproducing the spirit graphics and lithographs in the period before the years of monopoly and to the 1983rd Outside the years of monopoly the matchbox functioned primarily as an advertising and publicity purposes.

Collecting Matchboxes: MATCHES COLLECTION

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